Mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary gland, associated with a bacterial infection. It is caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the udder through the teat canal. Mammary tissue is then damaged, which causes increased vascular permeability. As a result of this, the milk composition changes. There are two types of mastitis. Clinical mastitis: is an inflammatory response to infection causing visibly abnormal milk (eg. color, fibrin clots). As the extent of the inflammation increases, changes in the udder (swelling, heat, pain, redness) may also appear. Subclinical mastitis: is the type of mastitis without any visible signs of infection. Subclinical mastitis is the most prevalent form of mastitis. Detection of subclinical mastitis is best done by examination of milk for somatic cell counts using either the California Mastitis Test or automated methods. Somatic cell counts are correlated with the presence of infection. Cows with a somatic cell count of >250,000 cells/ml have more than 85% chance of being infected. Likewise, the higher the somatic cell count in a herd bulk tank, the higher the prevalence of infection the herd.
Perfect Udder Hygiene the first step in keeping mastitis out of the farm!
There are three big risk periods when cows are more vulnerable to be infected with mastitis:
• During milking, if teat preparation is NOT are optimal.
• After milking, when cows has open teat canal and lies down in a dirty area, beds etc. feed the cows directly after milking so you can get them to stay up 20-30 minutes directly after milking.
• During the dry period.
During milking, cows “share” the milking machine/cluster, it can be a source of contamination from one cow to another cow or one quarter to another quarter. That’s why cleaning and disinfecting the teats before milking is extremely important to reduce the infection risk very much.
Think always hygiene! Think at teat dips from IDD Juvelit!
Ideal teat dip provides excellent teat condition, skin friendly ingredients is very important factor for teat dips in combination with a strong disinfectant activity.
The coverage is homogenous around the teat because of its perfect viscosity.
All raw materials that are used for these products need to have a highest quality guarantee. Several stability studies for to reach the highest veterinary medicine status.
The National Mastitis Council states that the rate of new intra-mammary infection can be 60-90% lower when disinfecting teats with an effective product immediately after every milking compared to no disinfection. Teat disinfection does not affect existing mammary gland infections but may reduce colonization of the teat-duct.
All Udder Care solutions from IDD are tested in both practical environment out on test farms all over the world, and also in Laboratory with EN 1276 disinfection tests. This two things together give farmers the highest guarantee for to help cows from mastitis and high cell account problems.